When building real-time multimedia applications, the choice of server technology is pivotal. Two big players in this space are Janus and MediaSoup, both enabling WebRTC capabilities but doing so in distinctly different ways. This comprehensive guide aims to provide a deep dive into the architecture, code examples, and key differentiators of each, helping you make an informed choice for your next project.

The Role of a WebRTC Server

Before diving into the specifics, let’s clarify what a WebRTC server does. Acting as the middleman in real-time web applications, a WebRTC server manages a plethora of tasks like signaling, NAT traversal, and media encoding/decoding. The choice of server can significantly affect the performance, scalability, and flexibility of your application.

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