Cucumber is a popular behavior-driven development (BDD) framework that allows you to write executable specifications in a natural language format. It promotes collaboration between stakeholders, developers, and testers by providing a common language that everyone can understand. Cucumber supports various programming languages, including Java, and provides a rich set of features for defining and executing test scenarios.
Playwright, on the other hand, is a powerful open-source automation framework for web browsers that supports multiple programming languages, including Java. It provides a high-level API for automating web browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, and Safari. Playwright offers robust browser automation capabilities, including interactions with web pages, taking screenshots, handling cookies, and much more.