When managing a database, ensuring data availability and integrity is paramount, especially in the face of hardware failures, software bugs, or natural disasters. SQL Server offers a suite of features designed to provide high availability (HA) and disaster recovery (DR) solutions. This article delves into the technical aspects of SQL Server’s HA and DR options. These include always-on availability groups, database mirroring, log shipping, and replication. We’ll also cover strategies for implementing a disaster recovery plan through a simulation/example.

Always-On Availability Groups

Always-on availability groups (henceforth referred to as AGs in this article) in SQL Server mark a significant advancement in database technology, enhancing the landscape of high availability (HA), disaster recovery (DR), and read-scale capabilities beyond what was previously achievable with database mirroring. Introduced in SQL Server 2012, AGs offer a sophisticated, scalable solution designed to ensure continuous data availability and system resilience across a range of scenarios.

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